Zadar Total score -
Zadar is a city with ancient roots; it has the largest Roman Forum on the eastern side of the Adriatic!
Zadar is an ancient city, built in the center of the Croatian Adriatic, full of historical and cultural monuments. It is 3000 years old, a city with an long, tumultuous and dynamic history, often destroyed, plundered, devastated, and yet every time emerging from the ruins stronger, richer and more beautiful. Zadar was mentioned for the first time in history in the 4th century B.C. During Roman rule Zadar acquired the characteristics of a city with a regular road network, with the constructed main square – the forum. At the beginning of the 9th century Zadar was mentioned as the seat of Bishop Donatus and the Byzantine leader Paulus. At that time a church was erected on the Roman forum, the church of the Holy Trinity, today St. Donatus, which can be said to be the symbol of the city.
In 1202 the city was conquered and burned by the Crusaders and Venetians. After the Venetians, the Austrians took over the government of Zadar (1797), to be followed by the French from 1806 to 1813. The second period of Austrian rule remained until 1918. With the Treaty of Rapallo, Zadar fell under Italian rule in 1920 as an enclave on the eastern side of Adriatic. It remained under Italian rule until the end of World War II druing which period the allied bombing destroyed 80% of the historical centre of the city. Almost completely destroyed and abandoned, it was finally annexed to Croatia (within the framework of the Federation of Yugoslavia). Following the Republic of Croatia’s declaration of independence and subsequent Serbian aggression on Croatian territory, Zadar and its surroundings were attacked in October 1991, with attacks of such destructive force that had never been seen before aimed to conquer and destroy the city. The city itself was completely surrounded and repeatedly targeted and attacked, also heavily demaging the cultural heritage of Zadar. (TZ Zadra)
Rich in collections, libraries and archives, Zadar is proud of the fact that the grounds of the oldest Croatian university were made here, as far back as 1396. Recently it has become known for the Sea Organ, an archictetural wonder on the promenade from where, as Alfred Hitchock once remarked, you can see the most beautiful sunsets. Zadar, better than any other region, tells the story of the rich history of Croatian cultural identity. If you take a walk to nearby Nin, you can also see the smallest cathedral in the world, the Church of the Holy Cross, a mere 36 steps long. (Source: HTZ)
The location of St Donatus, one of the symbols of Zadar, on the Zadar peninsula, is marked on the Google map. It is possible to park nearby.
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